Bangladesh is in a very advantageous position.
- It is the 'Linkage'
between South Asia and South East Asia.
- Bangladesh, Nepal,
Bhutan and 10 (ten) provinces of eastern India constitute a powerful
- This 'geo-economic
zone' is rich in skilled manpower, gas, oil, sweet water resources of
Bay of Bengal, forestry, coal, hydro-electricity and other mineral resources
- It is not only
a natural geo-economic but a geo-cultural entity as well.
wise this is a door to the Indian Ocean.
this region has occupied a unique position for the last thousand years.
But the formation of Bangladesh has become a central attraction for
everybody, as this has the potential to become the center for this north-eastern
- This region should
be treated as a 'sub-regional economic' group under SAARC. This means
keeping the independence and sovereignty of each country of which this
'sub-regional economic co-operation' is formed.
The objective of this
proposal is to create an institutional base to generate a process of participation
of all sections of people e.g. professional and occupational people (including
workers, peasants, women, tribal people etc.) in the politico-administrative
and economic structures suitable for the 21st century.
It is a fact that
in the last 30 years (that is after the independence of 1971) Bangladesh
has made progress in economy, education, health, business and industry,
agriculture, service sectors, cultural fields, information sectors etc.
The following statistics is a clear picture of the said development.
As a result of these
developments the differentiation and stratification of our people has
become qualitatively different from the past. This means now every individual
man or woman is identified by his or her work and occupation. This new
identification is a socio-political and socio-cultural characteristic
of our people.
The only field, that
is, in politics and political mechanism Bangladesh lags behind. We are
following a model practiced in other countries of the world in 1940-'50s.
So we find a major contradiction between policy-making process (political-mechanism)
and social development.
But political science
always suggest a political mechanism corresponding to social and economic
developments. But the present day political mechanism and conventional
political parties no longer fully represent the hopes and aspirations
of the whole people. Particularly various social forces in the form of
different professional and occupational groups are kept away from the
policy-making mechanism of the country.
formation of the country has under gone a list of positive changes over
the last 30 years. But the political mechanism and party system has not
adjusted itself to changed circumstances. This is why the development
process frequently gets stagnant.
As a newly emerged
country (nation-state) we need national unity. This can't be achieved
without accommodation various social forces, women, tribal people etc.
in the policy-making structures of the country. There is a gap between
the thought processes of the old fashioned political parties and that
of the comparatively advanced professional-occupational forces (social
forces) and groups.
Professionals, Occupationals, Women, Tribal people etc.
Populationa 138 million (census report 2001)
Male-Female Ration 50:50(%)
Adult Population (Voters) 60.85 Million.
employees of Govt. and autonomous bodies
|Experts of Various
workshops workers etc.
|Involved in other
18 years of age
|Old Men above
65 years of age (Seniors)
Keeping all these
things in consideration the introduction of a new political mechanism
with 14 points is suggested below:
- To form a 'Bi-cameral
Parliament' with 'Lower House' and 'Upper House'. The 'Lower House'
should comprise of 300 elected representative from 300 constituencies.
The political parties will nominate the candidates for this house. 'Upper
house' should comprise of 200 members to be elected by the 13 categories
of professional occupational groups, women, tribal people etc.
- There should
be a government of 'national unity' taking ministers from all parties
elected in the Parliament. Prime minister will be the chief executive.
There will be 'recall' and 'initiative' system.
- Bangladesh to
have 7 or 9 provinces (one must be for the tribal people) with elected
provincial assemblies. These provinces will have representation in the
Upper House of the parliament.
- All the elections
including National Parliament, provinces, district and sub-district
(Upazilla), municipalities and pourashaves to be held under the supervision
of caretaker government. The Caretaker Govt. is to be formed from the
'Upper House' of the Parliament on non-party basis.
- In case of any
vacancies in any of the elected posts, instead of holding by-elections,
the post should be filled by the elected candidate of the party to which
the former candidate belonged.
- The election
commission must be independent.
- The president
(who is the constitutional head of the country) must be a non-partisan
- The parliamentary
sub-committees are to be more powerful and effective.
- The Tribal people
must be recognized on the basis of 'nationality' of their own.
- There should
be a 'national security council' (NSC) comprising of prime minister,
leader of the opposition, defense minister, home minister, the three
chiefs of armed forces (Military, Navy, Air-force), under the President
of the country.
- There should
be a seven member 'constitutional court' comprising of the Chief Justice
and six other retired judges who are expert in constitutional matters.
- There should
be a 900-member National Economic Council (NEC) taking representatives
of all associations and unions.
- For an independent
judiciary 'Judicial Council' to be formed under supervision of the Supreme
Court which must be independent and free from executive branches of
- A 'sub-regional
economic group' under the SAARC comprising of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan,
Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal, Monipur, Tripura,
Mozoram, Nagaland. The sub-regional economic co-operation groups may
be extended up to South-East Asia in the East and Afghanistan in the
of the federal government
structure of the Government will be Federal.
will be 7 (seven) or 9 (nine) provinces in the country.
- The form
of the Government will be parliamentary.
province will have elected assembly.
will be a Constitutional Court.
Security Council (NSC) to be composed by the Parliament.
Parishad will co-ordinate the Upazilla Parishads.
Zones to be constituted in each Upazilla.
City Govt. to be established.
The Parliament shall consists of two houses (Lower House and Upper House)
Lower House: 300 (three hundred) members shall be elected nominated
by political parties for territorial constituencies.
Upper House: consisting of 200 (two hundred) members.
elected on 'non-party' basis by the persons engaged in professions
elected on 'non-party' basis by adult women.
elected on 'non-party' basis by Tribal people.
selected by the President basically from among the defense forces
and bureaucratic officers, law and order implementing agencies
members from among the political parties on the basis of the
ratio of votes cast in the national polls.
from the provinces.
The professional, occupational, women and tribal people etc. have been
divided into 13 (thirteen) categories.
System: One man-two votes: One vote for territory, the other for
the grouping mentioned in 13 categories (professions, occupations, women,
tribal people etc.).
Back: 'Call Back' election will be held if 15% voters submit a call
By a signature campaign called 'initiative' in which 5% of the voters
initiate inclusion or deletion of a law which the parliament shall have
The election will be held according to the specified schedule declared
by the election commission.
Occupation, Women And Tribal Grouping etc.
and Cultural groups: Teachers, Lawyers, Journalists, Publishers,
Artists, Singers, Actors, Literati, Researchers, Choreographers, Economists,
Social workers (NGO's) etc.
- Technical Experts:
Engineers, Diploma Engineers, Doctors, Pharmacists, Agriculturists,
Architects, Planners, Industrial managers, Scientists, Business executives,
Technocrats, Para-medics, Computer experts etc.
- Trade, Business
and Industry: Industrialists, Traders, Businessman, Bankers, Shop-keepers
- Defense Forces,
Army, Navy, Air Force, Police, B.D.R., Ansar, VDP, Auxiliary Forces
Industrial workers, Factory workers, Plantation Workers, Employees Under
Factory Law, Transport workers, Government-Semi-Government-Autonomous-Private
Sector Workers etc.
- Peasants and
Co-operative Peasantry: Small, Medium and Big.
- Cadre Services.
Government, Semi-Government, Autonomous Body and Private Sector Employees.
- Backward Sections
of the People: Weavers, Fishermen, Washer Man, Barbers, Blacksmiths,
Potters, Sweepers, Gypsy etc.
- Tribal People:
Chakma, Garo, Mog, Santal, Hazang, Tipra, Kuli, Khasia etc.
occupation includes all services whether in a civil or military capacity
of the government of Bangladesh. Profession and Occupation includes other
services involving different skills and expertise whether in public or
in private sectors which are used for the development and advancement
of the country.
Of National Economic Council (NEC)
Economic council (NEC) will have about 900 members and elected standing
committee of 25 members headed by NEC Chairman.
- Representatives of various bodies and organizations will be chosen
by their respective unions and associations.
- NEC will deal with overall national economic development and its monitoring